Solar UV Protection and Clothing (UPF Claims)
With effect from 21 April 2019 any clothing including hats, gloves and swimwear which makes a claim to protect the wearer’s skin from the sun will need to be CE Marked as personal protective equipment (PPE).
This may come as a surprise to retailers and consumers alike and will no doubt place an additional burden on the suppliers of these items, who now must ensure that items which claim UPF values are also labelled with the CE Mark.
To label with the CE Mark, the producer must follow the procedures for doing so under the PPE regulations and create a technical file containing all the pertinent data and keep this file for 10 years. There is no requirement to involve a Notified Body in the certification of these items as there is with Category II and III items because they have been classified as Category I.
Currently manufacturers and retailers in the UK and Europe are testing their items according to EN 13758-1 and have been setting a UPF value of 40 or more as a minimum performance standard and a maximum of 5% UVA transmission for claims of UV protection as required by EN 13758-2.
In order to comply with the essential health and safety requirements of the PPE Regulations, the materials used must block the majority of energy from harmful wavelengths (UVA and UVB).
It is believed that a UPF of 40 or more and a limitation to UVA as above and as stipulated in EN 13758-2 will satisfy this requirement. Lesser UPF values may not do so.
What to do
The producer will need to create the technical file containing all the relevant information (see below) and secondly ensure that labelling shows the CE Mark and provides the necessary information concerning the limitations of the protection e.g. the wording:
“Sun exposure causes skin damage”
“Only covered areas are protected”
“The protection offered by this item may be reduced with use or if stretched or wet”
as is required by EN 13758-2.
There is also the issue of repeated laundering on the protection level. The PPE Regulation requires that if the protection level is reduced by the cleaning process, then this information must be supplied with the product. To this end, it is strongly advised that the UPF performance is measured again after multiple wash cycles (e.g. 5 washes) so that any reduction of performance can be quantified. This information should then be communicated to the buyer in the information leaflet provided with the product.
It is important to note that garments such as swim and beachwear may not fulfil the requirements for body coverage specified in EN 13758-2 and so should not carry the labelling from that standard; nevertheless, where there is a claim of UPF then it must carry the CE Mark.
Because EN 13758-1 is not yet a harmonized standard, then item g) below will need to be implemented rather than item f).
For sun hats making the claim, the national standard BS 8466 will need to be utilised at least in the UK as there is no similar European standard yet available.
The technical file will need to contain information to meet the below requirements.
- A complete description of the PPE and of its intended use
- An assessment of the risks against which the PPE is intended to protect
- A list of the essential health and safety requirements that are applicable to the PPE
- Design and manufacturing drawings and schemes of the PPE and of its components, sub-assemblies and circuits
- The descriptions and explanations necessary for the understanding of the drawings and schemes referred to in point (d) and of the operation of the PPE
- The references of the harmonized standards referred to in Article 14 which have been applied for the design and manufacture of the PPE. In the event of partial application of harmonized standards, the documentation shall specify the parts which have been applied
- Where harmonized standards have not been applied or have been only partially applied, descriptions of the other technical specifications that have been applied in order to satisfy the applicable essential health and safety requirements
- The results of the design calculations, inspections and examinations carried out to verify the conformity of the PPE with the applicable essential health and safety requirements
- Reports on the tests carried out to verify the conformity of the PPE with the applicable essential health and safety requirements and, where appropriate, to establish the relevant protection class
- A description of the means used by the manufacturer during the production of the PPE to ensure the conformity of the PPE produced with the design specifications
- A copy of the manufacturer's instructions and information set out in point 1.4 of Annex II
- For PPE produced as a single unit to fit an individual user, all the necessary instructions for manufacturing such PPE on the basis of the approved basic model
- For PPE produced in series where each item is adapted to fit an individual user, a description of the measures to be taken by the manufacturer during the fitting and production process to ensure that each item of PPE complies with the approved type and with the applicable essential health and safety requirements.
As well as the above, the manufacturer shall take all measures necessary so that the manufacturing process and its monitoring ensure compliance of the manufactured PPE with the technical documentation and with the applicable requirements of the Regulation.
Finally, they must draw up and sign a written EU Declaration of Conformity for the article and file this with the technical file. If the declaration is not included with the product, a web address shall be provided with the product which leads to the declaration.
A model Declaration of Conformity is given in Annex IX to the Regulation:
- PPE (product, type, batch or serial number):
- Name and address of the manufacturer and, where applicable, his authorized representative:
- This declaration of conformity is issued under the sole responsibility of the manufacturer:
- Object of the declaration (identification of PPE allowing traceability; where necessary for the identification of the PPE, a colour image of sufficient clarity may be included):
- The object of the declaration described in point 4 is in conformity with the relevant Union harmonization legislation: …
- References to the relevant harmonized standards used, including the date of the standard, or references to the other technical specifications, including the date of the specification, in relation to which conformity is declared:
- Where applicable, the Notified Body … (name, number) … performed the EU type-examination (Module B) and issued the EU type-examination certificate … (reference to that certificate).
- Where applicable, the PPE is subject to the conformity assessment procedure … (either conformity to type based on internal production control plus supervised product checks at random intervals (Module C2) or conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process (Module D)) … under surveillance of the Notified Body … (name, number).
- Additional information: Signed for and on behalf of: … (place and date of issue): (name, function) (signature).
For more information, please contact:
Rob Croskell BTech CText FTI
SGS United Kingdom Ltd
t: +44 (0)1379 668625
m: +44 (0)7730 544718
SGS is the world's leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 97,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 2,600 offices and laboratories around the world.