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Manufacturers and importers into the EU of equipment pre-charged with fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) must comply with EU Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No.2016/879.

All F-gases used in refrigeration, air conditioning, and heat pump equipment must be accounted for in the EU quota system. Products must be appropriately labelled and all imports must be accompanied by a declaration of conformity to confirm the F-gases are covered by the quota system.

F-gases are a common substitute for a range of man-made ozone-depleting gases, while F-gases may not damage the ozone layer they are powerful greenhouse gases. EU Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 on Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases has been introduced to combat climate change and reduce F-gas emissions.

The regulation has implications for any company that:

  • Manufactures, uses or services equipment that contains F-gases, like refrigeration and air conditioning systems, solvents or aerosols
  • Produces or wholesales F-gas
  • Imports or exports F-gas, or equipment containing F-gas, to or from the European Union (such as white goods, automotive and commercial chilling, air conditioning and refrigeration equipment)

There are two categories of verification requirements. For companies that:

  1. Manufacture and import certain equipment pre-charged with F-gases (from 2017) – Verification is covered under Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No.2016/879 published in 2016 and requires verification of documentation and declarations of conformity including details of the number of units imported and the type and amount of F-gases included in those units.  Initial verification will need to be completed by end March 2018
  2. Produce, import or export and place on the market 10,000 tonnes of CO2e or more of F-gases (from 2015) – Verification is required to confirm the accuracy of the data reported to the EU via the central portal

Non-EU manufacturers will have the option of:

  1. Securing a quota through an EU representative
  2. Purchasing their required HFCs from an EU quota holder (the quota holder would deliver actual HFC fluids to a non-EU manufacturer)
  3. Obtaining an authorisation from an EU quota holder to use a specified amount of their quota (the non-EU manufacturer will then be able to source the actual HFC fluid from a local supplier)

From 1 January 2018, where HFCs contained in equipment have not been placed on the market prior to the charging of the equipment, importers of that equipment shall ensure that by 31 March every year the accuracy of the documentation and declaration of conformity is verified, for the preceding calendar year, by an independent auditor. Independent auditors like SGS must be accredited to verify financial statements or be a specialist verifier of Greenhouse Gases under Directive 2003/87/EC.

SGS F-Gas Services

SGS offers a range of F-gas verification services and helps organisations seeking to comply with EU Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No.2016/879.

Contact SGS to find out how we can support your operations and ensure compliance.

For further information, please contact:

Zoe Ranns
Operations Supervisor
t: 01276 697692


SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognised as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 90,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 2,000 offices and laboratories around the world.